Over 100 Indigenous Settlements North of Hadrian’s Wall Discovered

Burnswark hillfort in southwest Scotland was used as the start point for discovering the indigenous Hadrian’s Wall settlements, which lay north of Hadrian’s Wall that was pretty much the northernmost frontier of the Roman Empire.	Source: J. Reid / Antiquity Publications Ltd

Northern Britain, a fluctuating frontier area during the Roman occupation of Britain (43-410 AD), represented a tussle between Iron Age communities and the centralizing authority and power of the Roman state.


Legendary Christian Martyrs Chrysanthus and Daria Proved To Be Real

The saints Chrysanthus and Daria being pushed underground to their horrible death in a salt mine.		Source: Public domain

Legend has it that the now Christian saints Chrysanthus and Daria, who lived in the third century AD, converted thousands of fellow Romans to the Christian faith. This resulted in their arrest and attempted torture by Roman 


The Red Carpet Treatment: A Storied History of the Elite

Celebrity on a red carpet. Source: Tom Merton/KOTO / Adobe Stock

Today, the red carpet is associated with VIPs, dignitaries, the heads of state, celebrities, film festivals. It conjures up images of flashing of camera lights and paparazzi, glitzy gowns and make-up


The Dream Realms Of Morpheus, Sisig, Baku, And Njorun

The Nightmare by John Henry Fuseli  (1781)(Public Domain)

‘The Sandman’ a comic book written by Neil Gaiman and published by DC Comics from January 1989 to March 1996, is considered one of the very best modern insights into sleep and dreams in the ancient world. 


Connecting Heaven and Earth: The Sun Dagger of Fajada Butte, New Mexico

The Fajada Butte Sun Dagger in Chaco Canyon in New Mexico is a spiral petroglyph that is lit up with brilliant streaks of focused Sunlight at key moments in the year.	Source: YouTube screenshot / Mystery History

Near the entrance to Chaco Canyon, New Mexico, USA is an imposing butte that had sacred significance to the ancestral Pueblo culture, who inhabited Chaco Canyon up until about 1150 AD. 


Buddhist Monks Self-Mummified Their Bodies While Still Alive

The body of the Thai Buddhist monk Luang Pho Daeng at Wat Khunaram, Ko Samui, Thailand (Source: escape.com.au)

Over 1,000 years ago, an esoteric sect known as Shingon – which combined elements from Buddhism, Old Shinto, Taoism, and other religions – developed a horrifying practice of self-mummification of the living body. 


Herod the Great’s Alabaster Bathtubs

Herod’s calcite-alabaster bathtub found in Kypros fortress.	Source: Prof. Amos Frumkin, The Hebrew University of Jerusalem / Nature

Herod the Great was renowned for his ambitious projects and extravagant tastes. Now a major discovery has come regarding these projects, from of all places, his bathtub.


Women Scrapping with Swords and Pistols: Famous Female Duels

Painting ‘Combate de Mujeres’ by José de Ribera showing a female duel. Source: Public Domain

​The use of private duels as a way of settling questions of honor spread through Europe from Italy in the end of the 15th century, though the institutional practice was much older. 


Tomb of Egyptian Dignitary Who Guarded Top Secret Documents Found in Saqqara

The black ink outlines on the exterior of the Egyptian dignitary’s tomb recently found at Saqqara indicate that his grave was likely never finished properly.							Source: Polish Centre of Mediterranean Archaeology, University of Warsaw

A 4,300-year-old tomb has been discovered in the ancient Egyptian necropolis of Saqqara, which is that of an Egyptian dignitary who was responsible for guarding top secret documents of the pharaohs.


Ancient Maya Tooth Bling Was Also Good for Oral Hygiene!

Maya teeth were turned into jeweled teeth by skilled ancient dentists, but a recent study suggests that this also benefited oral hygiene!		Source: Gary Todd / CC0

The Maya loved their bling and often decorated their teeth with gemstones. But maybe these weren’t all just for show. A new study conducted by the Center for Research and Advanced Studies of the National Polytechnic Institute in Mexico


Aurignacians: The First Artistic Culture?

Charcoal drawings from the Chauvet Cave in France, fabulous examples of artwork created by the Aurignacians. (Claude Valette / CC BY-SA 4.0)

Since the evolution of Homo sapiens approximately 1.8 million years ago, humans have advanced in many aspects of life, especially art. According to historians, the earliest record of humans engaging in the creation 


Wyoming Declared Oldest Mine in Americas: Red Ochre Mined there 13,000 Years Ago!

Excavations that concluded in 2020 have confirmed an ancient mine in eastern Wyoming that was allegedly used by humans to produce red ochre 13,000 years ago! It is now officially the oldest known mine of any sort in the Americas


Talos of Crete: A 2,000-Year-Old Tale of the First Robot God

Illustration depicting the mythological Talos god. Source: matiasdelcarmine / Adobe Stock

Believe it or not, but ideas of artificial intelligence and automata were alive and well over 2,000 years ago within Greek mythology. The myth of Talos (‘Τάλως’)—the first robot-like creature in mythology


Near-Pristine Bronze Age Spear Dated Over 3,000 Years Found in Britain

Bronze Age spear found in Cirencester, England.	 Source: Thames Water

Spearheads are often seen as representing the ‘highest tradition of the Bronze Age’. This statement is exemplified by the discovery of a Bronze Age spear at a Thames Water sewage works in Cirencester,


Archaeologists in Chiapas, Mexico Unearth Remains of Maya Noblewoman

Grave with skeletal remains of a pre-Hispanic woman found at Palenque Archaeological Zone.  Source: INAH Chiapas

The Chiapas branch of Mexico’s National Institute of Anthropology and History (INAH) has just reported a notable find in the heavily excavated Palenque Archaeological Zone in the southern part of the country, 


Ancient Egyptians Slept on Pillows Made of Stone

Egyptian limestone figures depicting stone pillows in the collection of Metropolitan Museum of Art in New York. 	Source: The University of Pennsylvania Museum of Archaeology and Anthropology and the Metropolitan Museum of Art, NYC. / Glencairn Museum

Human beings have been enjoying the soft comfort of pillows for the last 2,000 years. But before this feather-filled luxury, people were accustomed to resting their heads on pillow-like headrests made of stone.


Debacle Over 8,000-year-old Human Skull Posted On Facebook

Human skull discovered in Minnesota River in September is believed to be about 8,000 years old. Source: Renville County Sheriff's Office

elieved to be about 8,000 years old, two US kayakers recovered the human skull last September in a river about 110 miles west of Minneapolis. After they spotted the unnatural shaped object on a riverbank, 


Peking Man and China’s Paleontological Nationalism

Reconstruction of the Peking man skull. Source: kevinzim / CC BY 2.0

At the beginning of the 20th century, a team of international paleontologists prepared to excavate a cave located in a limestone formation known as Dragon-Bone Hill, a few hours outside of Beijing. The Cave of Zhoukoudian had traditionally been the haunt of dragon bone collectors, eager to find remnants of


Elephants, Eels, Fawns and Ravens: Ancient Lives Of Beloved Exotic Pets

Hera and her pet peacocks. Juno and Argus by Peter Paul Rubens (circa 1611) Wallraf-Richartz-Museum (Public Domain)

Unlike Aristotle who viewed animals as irrational creatures with lower moral standing, sent to earth solely to serve humans, Pythagoras regarded them highly and proposed that animals had reincarnated human souls. 


Cornwall’s Newly Revealed Castilly Henge Had Its Own Stone Circle Too!

An aerial view of Castilly Henge, a classic horseshoe henge that had long been hidden in dense vegetation in a lonely landscape.		Source: Cornwall Archaeological Unit / Historic England

Archaeologists from Historic England and the Cornwall Archaeology Unit (CAU) have uncovered proof that a standing stone circle once stood inside Castilly Henge, a Neolithic-period earthwork found near Bodmin,


Builders of Stonehenge Feasted On Parasites Shows Prehistoric Poop Study

A new study has clearly revealed new information about the people who built Stonehenge (left image) by analyzing their Stonehenge feces! The image on the right shows a parasitic capillariid worm egg found in Stonehenge poop at Durrington Walls.	Source: Left: Adam Stanford; Right: Evilena Anastasiou / Parasitology

​A new study published in the journal Parasitology analyzed prehistoric Stonehenge feces from Durrington Walls, a Neolithic settlement just 2.8 kilometers (1.7 miles) from Stonehenge


The Impossible Statue: The Marvelous Marble Net of Il Disinganno

Il Disinganno, or The Release from Deception, by the Genoese artist Francesco Queirolo. Source: Dalia Nera / CC BY-NC-SA 2.0

​The impossible sculptural feats within the Sansevero Chapel Museum in Naples will take your breath away. Amongst them, the famed statue known as Il Disinganno, was carved out of one single block of marble.


Getting Buzzed: The History of Hallucinogenic Mad Honey

Amphora dating to circa 540 BC made in Attica, Greece, depicting bees from ancient Greek mythology. Source: The British Museum / CC BY-NC-SA 4.0

ne loves honey. A delicious, sweet treat, it can be used in recipes, cosmetics, or as a sugar substitute. However, not all honey is made the same. This is incredibly clear in Nepal and Turkey,


Seidr Norse Magic And Noaidi Shamans Shaping Destinies

Baldr’s death by Odin is sitting in the middle of the Æsir by Christoffer Wilhelm Eckerberg. Yggdrasil and the three Norns can be seen in the background. (1817) Charlottenborg Palace (Public Domain)

Controlling outcomes, steering destiny and reversing fate in ancient times was all about spells and old-school hands-on magic. Practitioners in ancient Greek and Rome commonly used ‘binding spells’ to affect the outcomes of trade transactions, affairs of the heart and to wage revenge, while ancient Jews maintained a universal magical system known as ‘kabbalah’ which described all of creation between earth and divine realms. However, less well-known are the systems of magic in the northern regions, not because magic was any less important to ancient Norse cultures, but more so because Christianity all but stamped it out.

The Tjängvide image stone with illustrations from Norse mythology. Gotland, Sweden. (Berig/ CC BY-SA 4.0)

The Tjängvide image stone with illustrations from Norse mythology. Gotland, Sweden. (Berig/ CC BY-SA 4.0)


Mysterious Mass Graves Contained Oliver Cromwell's Prisoners

Skeleton in mass grave Durham, England

In November 2013 archaeologists from the University of Durham in northern England found two mass graves near Durham Cathedral. At first the archaeologists thought the bodies belonged to the Cathedral’s 


A Lost Primeval World Has Been Found in a Giant South China Sinkhole!

An aerial photo of the giant China sinkhole or tiankeng at Leye-Fengshan Global Geopark, in south China's Guangxi Province, which was huge and is home to an amazing primeval forest. Source: Zhou Hua / Xinhua

Chinese explorers have discovered a lost world in an exceptionally deep and large sinkhole in south China. And in this ancient subterranean space they expect to find flora and fauna unknown to science.


Denisovan Girl’s Tooth Is First Physical Evidence of Denisovans in Southeast Asia!

Evidence of Denisovans in Southeast Asia is growing one tooth at a time based on the recent find in Laos. The molar attributed to a young female individual of the extinct human species called the Denisovans was found in cave Tam Ngu Hao 2 in northeastern Laos.	Source: Fabrice Demeter / Handout via Reuters

A team of archaeologists and anthropologists recovered an exceptionally rare molar tooth fossil from a cave in northern Laos. While the fossil bears some resemblance to the teeth of modern humans,


Elites and Gods: The Big Lives Of Little People In Ancient Egypt!

There is much evidence of dwarfs in Egypt. Here, a group statue of the dwarf Seneb and his family at the Egyptian Museum in Cairo. The statue was found in a naos in his mastaba tomb in Giza. Seneb is represented seated, with his legs crossed, beside his wife who embraces him affectionately. His wife is of regular height. 	Source: Ministry of Tourism and Antiquities

With its enormous stone temples, pyramids and tombs, ancient Egypt was undoubtedly one of the most productive advanced civilizations of the pre-Christian world. 


Cambodia Demands British Museums Return Stolen Khmer Artifacts

Khmer artifacts have been looted all over Cambodia, here a looted scene of Koh Ker, Siem Reap, Cambodia. 	Source: YukselSelvi/Adobe Stock

Stolen Khmer artifacts from ancient Cambodian temples should be returned now. This is what Cambodian heritage authorities have told London's Victoria & Albert and British Museum who currently profit from scores


Order of the Pug: Catholic Secret Society Initiates Wore Dog Collars

Portrait of Aristocrat Pug Dog. By viconda@gmail.com / Adobe Stock

Secret societies are characterized by rituals, customs, and teachings that are concealed from the general public. It is no wonder the 18th century secret society known as The Order of the Pug kept their rituals a secret – its members were forced to crawl around on all fours and kiss a pug dog’s backside to show their loyalty and commitment!

It was 1738 AD, and freemasonry had just been established some two decades earlier. Pope Clement XII saw this highly secretive brotherhood as a threat to Catholicism and so he issued a papal bull, In Eminenti Apostolatus Specula, in which he banned Roman Catholics from joining the Masons under threat of excommunication.

In order to bypass the Papal Bull of Clement XII, an aristocratic gentleman by the name of Clemens August of Bavaria, the Elector of Cologne, founded a secret society called Mopsorden (‘The Order of the Pug’). In essence, members were Freemasons who had adjusted the format to be able to conduct their now forbidden activities, the primary difference being that it allowed female Catholics to become members.


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